fouls

College basketball’s use of zone defenses up six percent from last season

Leave a comment

With the changes in the way that contact is being called, college basketball has seen an increase in the number of fouls called and the number of free throws attempted in 2013-14. This has been one reason why scoring’s increased after being historically low last season; added opportunities to score by way of an “unchallenged” shot will have this kind of effect.

But have the changes also led to an increase in the use of zone defenses? That looks to be the case.

In a story written by Ben Cohen of the Wall Street Journal, a look at Synergy Sports Technology data has revealed that teams have played some kind of zone defense on 21.6% of possessions this season. According to the numbers that’s an increase of six percentage points from last season. And while a coach like Syracuse’s Jim Boeheim has used the zone for years and experienced a great deal of success, some diehard “man-to-man” proponents have even dabbled with a different defensive look in 2013-14.

The argument for the increased use of zone defense is that teams won’t foul as much, with this becoming more of a concern due to the increased number of foul calls. But according to Boeheim, the assumption that playing zone = your team won’t commit fouls is a misguided one.

Boeheim’s zone is back in demand partly because of the new emphasis in college basketball on curtailing defensive contact, which makes it more difficult to defend on the perimeter without racking up fouls. Boeheim, though, rejects the idea that Syracuse benefits by being fluent in zone already.

“It’s just not true,” he said. “Playing zone doesn’t mean you don’t foul. That’s ridiculous. People who say that don’t understand zone defense.”

The zone defenses being played by most college basketball teams aren’t your standard, run-of-the-mill recreational league zones, in which (generally speaking) weekend warriors stand in an area with the primary goal being to conserve energy in order to hoist shots on the other end. A lot of these defenses are highly active, and some even mix in some man-to-man principles (matchup zones) as well. And then there are your “junk” defenses, like the box-and-1 and triangle-and-2, that some coaches (UTEP’s Tim Floyd immediately comes to mind) have put to good use.

More teams employing zone looks was one assumption made when the new legislation was announced during the summer, and based on the numbers that has been the case. But just as there are questions regarding how strict officials will be when conference play begins, it also remains to be seen if teams continue to play more zone once faced with more “familiar” opponents.

The foul trouble conundrum

Leave a comment

When foul trouble hits, how should a coach handle it? That is, if the crucial player is in foul trouble, should the coach keep the player on the bench to avoid fouling out? Or does the coach risk more by keeping the player on the bench only to see a lead evaporate?

Yeah, it’s hard to open a post with three straight questions. Sorry ’bout that. But it’s the easy way to pose the question: When in foul trouble, how long should those key players sit?


Tony Gutierrez/AP

A pair of posts from The Leisure of the Theory Class raised that question the last few days and came to the conclusion that conventional wisdom – sit the player to avoid fouling out – is wrong.

(If you believe in clutch plays, those posts aren’t for you. You’ll merely tear out your hair.)

As our intrepid NBA bloggers wrote, all points scored are the same, whether they’re scored in the early or late. It’s just a matter of maximizing those minutes from players in foul trouble. An excerpt:

Conventional wisdom seems to regard foul management as a risk vs. safety decision.  You will constantly hear something like, “a big decision here, whether to risk putting Duncan back in with 4 fouls.”  This is completely the wrong lens for the problem, since the “risky”* strategy is, with the caveats mentioned, all upside!  Coaches dramatically underrate the “risk” of falling behind, or losing a lead, by sitting a star for too long.  To make it as stark as possible, observe that the coach is voluntarily imposing the penalty that he is trying to avoid, namely his player being taken out of the game!

The most egregious cases are when a player sits even though his team is significantly behind.  I almost feel as though the coach prefers the certainty of losing to the “risk” of the player fouling out.  There may be a “control fallacy” here: it just feels worse for the coach to have a player disqualified than to voluntarily bench him, even if the result is the same.  Also, there is a bit of an agency/perception problem: the coach is trying to maximize keeping his job as well as winning, which makes him lean towards orthodoxy.

Right on cue, the folks over at Rock Chalk Talk analyzed how something like this will affected Kansas sophomore Marcus Morris, a post player who dealt with foul trouble throughout the season. Safe to say, KU coach Bill Self doesn’t subscribe to the notion that all minutes are the same.

First, picking up two fouls in the first half meant he was done for the rest of the half. Second, he entered the game around the 12 minute mark with 3 fouls and just under the 6 minute mark with fouls. The team could handle that rotation this year with Markieff [Morris] and Cole [Aldrich] , though heading into next year it does worry me a little bit.

Here’s Self’s conundrum: If Marcus Morris’ foul troubles continue next season, does he bench Morris to ensure reliable late scoring, or does he roll the dice with less experienced players such as Thomas Robinson and Jeff Withey?

Staring at those options, maybe all minutes aren’t the same.

Mike Miller’s also on Twitter, usually talkin’ hoops. Click here for more.